Factors enabling transboundary aquifer cooperation: A global analysis

Factors enabling transboundary aquifer cooperation: A global analysis

Year of publication: 
2014
Name of publisher / organisation and location: 
IGRAC
Abstract: 

In recent years, significant attention has been given to the potential for conflict over water resources, particularly transboundary resources. However, research has shown that it is considerably more likely that stakeholders will use cooperative approaches than adversarial ones (Yoffe et al. 2004; de Stefano et al. 2010). While cooperative events are relatively well-documented through media and publicly available information, there is a gap in understanding what conditions facilitate sustained cooperation over water resources. This gap is even more evident when it comes to transboundary aquifers because researchers and practitioners have given them less attention than their surface water counterparts (Jarvis et al. 2011; Linton & Brooks 2011; Feitelson 2003; Machard de Gramont et al. 2011). However, the importance of transboundary aquifers cannot be emphasized enough. There are 608 identified transboundary aquifers worldwide underlying almost every nation – excluding most but not all islands (International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre 2014). These resources are of considerable importance given that groundwater from TBAs fulfills basic human needs and irrigates arable lands worldwide (Siebert et al. 2010; Döll & Hoffmann-Dobrev 2012). Further, countless habitats rely on groundwater flow for their survival, such as groundwater-dependent wetlands and desert ecosystems. Given the critical importance of groundwater resources worldwide, this report will present a global analysis of factors that enable and facilitate cooperation over transboundary aquifers. 

Author(s): 
Conti, K.I.
Keywords: 
Governance
Law
Country/countries and or aquifer(s) covered in publication: 
Canada
United States of America
Mexico
Belgium
France
Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Germany
Hungary
Republic of Moldova
Montenegro
Romania
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Ukraine
Albania
Italy
Greece
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Switzerland
Argentina
Brazil
Paraguay
Uruguay
Dominican Republic
Haiti
Kenya
United Republic of Tanzania
Cameroon
Chad
Central African Republic
Niger
Nigeria
Cambodia
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Thailand
Viet Nam
Algeria
Libya
Tunisia
Egypt
Sudan
Botswana
Namibia
South Africa
Benin
Mali
Mauritania
Aquifer: 
Abbotsford-Sumas Aquifer
Bolsón del Hueco-Valle de Juárez
Carboniferous Aquifer
Châteauguay Aquifer
Danube River Basin Aquifers
Dinaric Karst
Franco-Swiss Genevese Aquifer
Sistema Aquífero Guaraní
Hispaniola Island Aquifers
Kilimanjaro Aquifer
Lake Chad Aquifer System
Mekong River Plain Aquifers
Mura-Zala Aquifer
Northwest Sahara Aquifer System
Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System
Orange-Senqu River Basin Aquifers
Poplar Aquifer
Sahel Region Aquifers
Sava River Basin Aquifers
Upper Rhine Aquifer